If you stick to the basics and follow these simple tips below you’ll be on your way to professional disc mastering created with as few hiccups and snags as possible.
1. Communication is Key
Smooth Operator…Coast to Coast LA to Chicago…
Nothing and I mean nothing can replace speaking directly with your studio or the production company regarding your master. Email can work but sometimes picking up the telephone is the simplest way to get from point A to B.
2. Content Delivery – The Correct Way
Check with your Disc Mastering Production Partner for vendor specific protocols for delivering content. Many will prefer delivery on physical media (DVD, USB, HDD) but will be open to delivery digitally. Remember to speak with your publisher regarding file size, runtime and filenames to make sure you are on the same page.
3. Provide a Manifest
Make sure to list your files and exact file names and run-times in the order you want them to play. You can use md5 or sha hashes for digital continuity testing or you can use run times both can work.
Laying out your files on a manifest, wire-frame or outline will help make sure your project is completed correctly on the first revision.
4. Determine total run time and output
Standard DVD using the most common resolution and frame rates typically will yield around 90 minutes of runtime. Dual Layer DVDs and Blu-ray are available which can extend your run-times per disc but come with added costs. Think about your audience and your content when determining whether a multiple disc solution vs a dual layer solution might be the right fit. In some cases we may be able to stretch the run time by adjusting frame rates and/or resolution but this is always at the cost of quality.
It can be a tough decision to make and sometimes paying a little extra for a physical master to review at home can be worth the cost.
5. Menu Considerations
Do you want to provide a menu for your audience to navigate or is the project better suited with an autorun where the disc starts playing through upon insertion. POS videos of product demonstration videos may benefit from looping. If you do want a menu – it is imperative that you provide a high resolution digital file in the proper aspect t ratio to use as your background.
DVD resolution is 480p so for legibility make sure that your use large bold san serif fonts and keep them away from the edges.
6. Resolution Considerations
This is one of the tougher questions for duplicators to answer. DVD is a more widely available format than Blu-ray. But any footage shot within the last ten years is likely 1080p or even 4K. If you want to maximize your resolution Blu-ray is the solution you are looking for. If you want to maximize your compatibility DVD may be your answer. Smart customers are purchasing bundles which include a mix or ratio of each.
7. Format Considerations
Audiences in the US will need video content formatted in the NTSC format. Most audiences outside of the US (OUS) will require video content formatted in PAL. Think about where you intend to distribute your content when determining the proper formatting. **each format may be considered an additional title and charged according.
8. Future Proofing Considerations
Now is the time to think about having your duplicator output a high resolution digital file for future distribution. Putting your content in the highest resolution on a large capacity USB Drive or cloud service provider so that you can distribute it digitally if necessary is a wise choice. Ask your publisher about any additional fees, they may only add nominal cost.
GIGO Is a common acronym that stands for Garbage-In-Garbage-Out. Really it is just a crass way to say that disc producers aren’t magicians. They can’t add resolution to your footage. The output quality will depend on the quality of the video content you provide us. We can do some minor corrections but we can’t fix bad audio or make low resolution or low frame rate footage look HD.
For the best possible output provide us with your highest quality footage.
10. Measure Twice Cut Once
Make sure to review your content multiple times prior to submission to make sure there aren’t any glitches, stutters or audio problems. It is imperative that the content you provide is ultimately free of defects.
If your looking for more details about Blu-ray Production and the shift that's on from BDR as a content delivery vehicle to that of an artist support model head on over to our sister blog and read all about it - The shift in Blu-ray Production.
We’d love to work with you on your next Disc Mastering Project
Please call us at 952-944-0083 and we can discuss any questions you may have
Today the BDA or Blu-ray Disc Association announced the completion and release of the newest Blu-ray disc technology specs and logo. The physical media technology will be known as Ultra HD Blu-ray. The new technology will usher in an easily consumable format for content delivered to home displays that are capable of 4K resolution.
Expanded color range and delivery of high dynamic range (HDR) & high frame rate content
Immersive object-based sound formats (next gen Dolby)
Digital Bridge for multi screen playback.
As always we’ll keep our eyes closely glued on these developments as the march towards higher and higher resolution footage in both the professional and consumer markets inches forward.
Streaming took an early lead but there are tangible benefits to direct digital distribution on physical media and we’ll be right here ready to deliver when you need it.
For information on how to get your next project produced with the highest quality playback and delivered to the largest audiences contact us and we’ll get you squared away.
Sony Corporation (‘Sony’) and Panasonic Corporation (‘Panasonic’) today announced that they have signed a basic agreement with the objective of jointly developing a next-generation standard for professional-use optical discs, with the objective of expanding their archive business for long-term digital data storage.
This is good news for early adopters of 4K televisions as well as the medical imaging community and data centers alike. As data continues to grow the demand for a cheap long term storage alternative to magnetic storage is still robust.
With metered data from major ISPs and the cost of data pipes increasing day by day (looked at your cable/internet bill lately?) this is welcome news.
One must ponder if this sets up Sony/Panasonics solution for a HDD vs Bluray type battle with the optical disk currently being developed at General Electric? Clearly GE has a captivated audience in their healthcare imaging sector with the gigantic files associated with modern day MRI/PET and CT scans.
Still the question remains- is the market big enough for two major players/formats?
Time will tell, for more updates about the current state of optical media and long term archival options such as CD/DVD, UDO and Magnetic Media please stop back often.
Signaling their commitment to the growth and future viability of the online video market Rimage today announced the change of name.
Minneapolis, MN – June 17, 2013 – Rimage Corporation (NASDAQ: RIMG), the leader in secure multimedia content management and delivery solutions, today announced that it will change its name to Qumu Corporation. The change will take effect in the third quarter of 2013.
The name change reflects the company’s ongoing commitment to the growing multi-billion dollar market for enterprise video and rich content.
This year the electronics industry at the CES show unveiled their “Big” plans for the future, and when I say big – I mean BIG!!
4 inch screens on mobile phones now seem like postage stamps with Huawei’s introduction of a gargantuan six inch OLED android smartphone. While that phone made quite a splash, it seemed like nobody came to the party without a smartphone with a 5 inch screen capable of HD resolutions. It looks like the living room is coming to your pocket in a hurry.
The other cannonball dropped by manufacturers across the board was the move from 3D and smart connected televisions to smart connected televisions that capture reality or near reality. These TV’s feature 4K resolution screens or what they have now branded UltraHD. Sonys chief executive Kazuo Hirai put it best when he said
” I hope you can see that 4K is not the future, it’s now, and Sony is leading the way”.
But the other “BIG” thing that isn’t discussed much at these launches – BIG DATA.
These big devices require BIG data, and BIG data isn’t cheap. Many providers cap your data; a quick search for instance showed that Comcast, Century Link and Mediacom may limit, throttle your connection or charge extra once you reach 250-300 GB per month. To the average user that seems like an unreachable amount and at current consumption levels it is a healthy level. But as we move into the future we need to look at the cost of data and how much we may consume – the first 4K movie available for download was 160GB!! I don’t know about you but I plan to watch more than 1 movie per month. So what’s the solution?
Well the solution is two fold.
First, compression will shrink the files to more manageable chunks. Sony claims to have compression available that will shrink the files. The belief is that 4K or UltraHD will be able to be compressed to somewhere between 25-50GB. While this is a significant reduction it still would chew through most ISP data limits quite quickly.
Which brings us to the second part of the solution: back to the trusty optical disc. It just so happens that that 25-50GB is just what will fit on a current Blu-ray disc. Surely data pipes will expand and compression will improve but we believe that the initial expansion of 4K content will be distributed on optical disk and potentially hard drives/server based solutions.
So while the electronics manufacturers at CES made a lot of BIG splashes this year, we in the optical storage business are excited about the BIG opportunity that these high resolution data hungry devices demand. Here’s to the future!
Optical disc (CD, DVD, Blu-ray) maker CMC Magnetics expects its third-quarter revenues to grow 10%. CMC also expects to turn a profit as second-tier disc makers are gradually phasing out of the optical disc market. First-tier manufacturers like Ritek and CMC have reduced their disc capacity by 30-40%, allowing the supply of optical discs to decrease which has helped to boost optical disc prices.
Optical disc prices have risen by as much as 40% since February of 2011. (Source: DigiTimes)
Our take on the CD-r and DVD-r market is that these increase prices are here to stay for at least the next 2 to 3 quarters as oil prices remain higher, and poly carbonate supplies remain tight. We are seeing these increase prices being passed on to users of CD-r and DVD-r media, as well as customers of disc duplication and printing services.
DVD and Blu-ray disc media make it very easy to play, store, and transport movies. Unfortunately, this convenience also makes optical discs a popular format for movie piracy. In an attempt to prevent Hollywood movies from being illegally distributed, region codes, were built into the DVD and Blu-ray disc formats.
The region code system requires the cooperation of hardware manufacturers worldwide as well as the cooperation of movie studios and disc production facilities. The original system for DVD replicated discs divided the world into 6 geographically-oriented groups of countries. Discs produced in one region would not work on hardware in a different region, and players would not be able to read discs from more than one region.
The reasons behind the region code system are primarily economic. Movie studios needed to be able to control the release of films at different times in different markets throughout the world. A movie might be released to video in North America at a time when it is not even in theaters in another country elsewhere in the world. Region coded-DVDs help keep movies from being shipped to another country and sold at a discount rate – or at a vastly inflated price.
Blu-ray discs also have a system of region codes, although it is much simpler than the system used for DVDs. All Blu-ray Replication discs contain a code for Region 1, 2, or 3 that determines which hardware it is compatible with. The corresponding hardware such as a Blu-ray player, computer disc drive, or video game console, will identify the disc as invalid or valid for its correct region.
One interesting thing about region codes is that they only apply to manufactured discs – those which are stamped or pressed in a disc replication factory. Duplicated Blu-ray and DVD discs that are duplicated are free of regional coding, which means they are able to be played on any machine worldwide.
This is good news for home users who transfer their own home movies to DVD and Blu-ray discs for safe keeping. Their DVD-R and Blu-ray media will play back on set-top players, computers, and video game systems in virtually every country.
Unfortunately, region codes also have some drawbacks as well. Frequent travelers, students trying to learn a new language, people who enjoy movies from their native country, and foreign film fans must all live with or work around region coded movies. Thankfully, the new system in place for Blu-ray discs is much more forgiving.
Please contact us with any Blu-ray duplication, replication or printing questions that you may have.